Geospatial Services

Some of NASA's Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS) Distributed Active Archive Centers (DAACs) provide geospatial services, specifically web map services (WMS), web feature services (WFS), and web coverage services (WCS), providing access to a variety of GIS-ready datasets. Many of the URLs needed for data access are specific to the DAAC, and in some cases specific to the dataset. The sections below provide the datasets available for that given topic and the DAAC responsible for the geospatial service.

Atmosphere

Atmosphere

Global Imagery Browse Service (GIBS)

Datasets Provided: Aerosol optical depth/thickness (AOD/AOT), Clouds, Chemistry (Nitrogen Dioxide, Carbon Monoxide, Sulfur Dioxide, Ozone, Water Vapor, Methane), Wind speed, Dust, Humidity, Air Temperature, Radiation, Flux, Lightning, Evaporation, Climatology, Albedo, Particulate Matter

Two WMS specifications are currently available and supported by GIBS: 1.1.1 and 1.3.0.GIBS separates its imagery by projection. Pathway URLs are below; add "https://" before the URL and replace INSERT_PROJECTION with the code from the table below.

  • WMS endpoint: gibs.earthdata.nasa.gov/wms/INSERT_PROJECTION/best/wms.cgi
  • WMS v1.1.1 GetCapabilities: gibs.earthdata.nasa.gov/wms/INSERT_PROJECTION/best/wms.cgi?SERVICE=WMS&REQUEST=GetCapabilities&VERSION=1.1.1
  • WMS v1.3.0 GetCapabilities: gibs.earthdata.nasa.gov/wms/INSERT_PROJECTION/best/wms.cgi?SERVICE=WMS&REQUEST=GetCapabilities&VERSION=1.3.0

Projections available:

Projection Code for INSERT_PROJECTION
WGS 84 / Geographic - EPSG:4326 epsg4326
Web Mercator - EPSG:3857 epsg3857
Arctic polar stereographic - EPSG:3413 epsg3413
Antarctic polar stereographic - EPSG:3031 epsg3031

Biosphere

Biosphere

GIBS

Datasets Provided: Amphibian/Mammal Richness, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI), Chlorophyll, Photosynthetically Active Radiation (FPAR), Primary Productivity, Leaf Area Index (LAI)

Two WMS specifications are currently available and supported by GIBS: 1.1.1 and 1.3.0.GIBS separates its imagery by projection. Pathway URLs are below; add "https://" before the URL and replace INSERT_PROJECTION with the code from the table below.

  • WMS endpoint: gibs.earthdata.nasa.gov/wms/INSERT_PROJECTION/best/wms.cgi
  • WMS v1.1.1 GetCapabilities: gibs.earthdata.nasa.gov/wms/INSERT_PROJECTION/best/wms.cgi?SERVICE=WMS&REQUEST=GetCapabilities&VERSION=1.1.1
  • WMS v1.3.0 GetCapabilities: gibs.earthdata.nasa.gov/wms/INSERT_PROJECTION/best/wms.cgi?SERVICE=WMS&REQUEST=GetCapabilities&VERSION=1.3.0

Projections available:

Projection Code for INSERT_PROJECTION
WGS 84 / Geographic - EPSG:4326 epsg4326
Web Mercator - EPSG:3857 epsg3857
Arctic polar stereographic - EPSG:3413 epsg3413
Antarctic polar stereographic - EPSG:3031 epsg3031

Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC)

Datasets Provided: Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Surface Reflectance, MODIS Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), MODIS Leaf Area Index (LAI), MODIS Gross Primary Productivity, MODIS Land Cover

The datasets can be accessed directly within a GIS program, by adding a WMS layer as: https://lpdaacgis.cr.usgs.gov/arcgis/services/WMS/INSERT_DATASET/ImageServer/WMSServer?
Datasets include:

Dataset Code for INSERT_DATASET
MODIS Surface Reflectance MOD09A1_006_Surface_Reflectance
MODIS NDVI MOD13Q1_006_250m_16_days_NDVI
MODIS Leaf Area Index MOD15A2H_006_Lai_500m
MODIS GPP MOD17A2H_006_Gpp_500m
MODIS Percent Tree Cover MOD44B_006_Percent_Tree_Cover
MODIS Land Cover Type MCD12Q1_006_LC_Type1

Oak Ridge National Laboratory DAAC (ORNL DAAC)

Datasets Provided: Leaf Area Index (LAI), Conterminous US Above Ground Biomass, Conterminous US Forest Gross Emissions, Conterminous US Forest Litter Carbon Pool, Woody Debris Carbon/Fine Root Carbon, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Forest Age Distribution, Forest Area, Forest Biomass, Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (FPAR), Tree Mortality (from Bark Beetles and Fires)

ORNL DAAC datasets can be accessed directly within a GIS program, by adding a WMS or a WCS layer.

Cryosphere

Cryosphere

GIBS

Datasets Provided: Sea Ice, Snow Depth/Cover, Snow Water Equivalent, Freeze/thaw, Albedo, Ice Surface Temperature, Snow Extent

Two WMS specifications are currently available and supported by GIBS: 1.1.1 and 1.3.0.GIBS separates its imagery by projection. Pathway URLs are below; add "https://" before the URL and replace INSERT_PROJECTION with the code from the table below.

  • WMS endpoint: gibs.earthdata.nasa.gov/wms/INSERT_PROJECTION/best/wms.cgi
  • WMS v1.1.1 GetCapabilities: gibs.earthdata.nasa.gov/wms/INSERT_PROJECTION/best/wms.cgi?SERVICE=WMS&REQUEST=GetCapabilities&VERSION=1.1.1
  • WMS v1.3.0 GetCapabilities: gibs.earthdata.nasa.gov/wms/INSERT_PROJECTION/best/wms.cgi?SERVICE=WMS&REQUEST=GetCapabilities&VERSION=1.3.0

Projections available:

Projection Code for INSERT_PROJECTION
WGS 84 / Geographic - EPSG:4326 epsg4326
Web Mercator - EPSG:3857 epsg3857
Arctic polar stereographic - EPSG:3413 epsg3413
Antarctic polar stereographic - EPSG:3031 epsg3031

National Snow and Ice Data Center DAAC (NSIDC DAAC)

Datasets Provided: Sea Ice (Concentration, Extent, Age), Greenland Melt, Glaciers

NSIDC DAAC datasets can be accessed directly within a GIS program, by adding a WMS layer as https://nsidc.org/api/mapservices/NSIDC/ows?version=1.3.0.
Glaciers specific: http://www.glims.org/mapservice/

Hydrosphere

Hydrosphere

GIBS

Datasets Provided: Land Surface Temperature, Precipitation/Rain, Sea Surface Temperature, Water Vapor, Soil Moisture, Dams and Reservoirs, Freeze/thaw, Chlorophyll, Cyclone/Flood Hazards, Sea Surface Currents, Sea Surface Salinity, Sea Surface Height

Two WMS specifications are currently available and supported by GIBS: 1.1.1 and 1.3.0.GIBS separates its imagery by projection. Pathway URLs are below; add "https://" before the URL and replace INSERT_PROJECTION with the code from the table below.

  • WMS endpoint: gibs.earthdata.nasa.gov/wms/INSERT_PROJECTION/best/wms.cgi
  • WMS v1.1.1 GetCapabilities: gibs.earthdata.nasa.gov/wms/INSERT_PROJECTION/best/wms.cgi?SERVICE=WMS&REQUEST=GetCapabilities&VERSION=1.1.1
  • WMS v1.3.0 GetCapabilities: gibs.earthdata.nasa.gov/wms/INSERT_PROJECTION/best/wms.cgi?SERVICE=WMS&REQUEST=GetCapabilities&VERSION=1.3.0

Projections available:

Projection Code for INSERT_PROJECTION
WGS 84 / Geographic - EPSG:4326 epsg4326
Web Mercator - EPSG:3857 epsg3857
Arctic polar stereographic - EPSG:3413 epsg3413
Antarctic polar stereographic - EPSG:3031 epsg3031

Physical Oceanography DAAC (PO.DAAC)

Datasets Provided: Geodetics Gravity, Ocean Circulation, Ocean Temperature, Ocean Winds, Salinity/Density, Sea Surface Topography

Thematic Real-time Environmental Distributed Data Services (THREDDS) Data Server (TDS) is a web server that provides metadata and data access for scientific oceanography datasets, using a variety of remote data access protocols, including WMS. A list of existing GIS-ready datasets can be found at the TDS Catalog. Drill down within your area of interest and a WMS and a WCS URL will be provided.

Adding a web map service (WMS) from PO.DAAC

ORNL DAAC

Datasets Provided: Surface Water Extent (Boreal Regions), Amazon Rainfall/Wetlands, Precipitation, Wet Day Frequency, Lakes, Last Day of Spring Snow, Land Surface Fractional Open Water, Daymet Climatology

ORNL DAAC datasets can be accessed directly within a GIS program, by adding a WMS or a WCS layer.

Land

Land

GIBS

Datasets Provided: Elevation, Soil Moisture, Surface Reflectance, Land Surface Temperature, Thermal Anomalies and Fires, Land Cover/Land Use, Drought, Landslide/Volcano Hazards

Two WMS specifications are currently available and supported by GIBS: 1.1.1 and 1.3.0.GIBS separates its imagery by projection. Pathway URLs are below; add "https://" before the URL and replace INSERT_PROJECTION with the code from the table below.

  • WMS endpoint: gibs.earthdata.nasa.gov/wms/INSERT_PROJECTION/best/wms.cgi
  • WMS v1.1.1 GetCapabilities: gibs.earthdata.nasa.gov/wms/INSERT_PROJECTION/best/wms.cgi?SERVICE=WMS&REQUEST=GetCapabilities&VERSION=1.1.1
  • WMS v1.3.0 GetCapabilities: gibs.earthdata.nasa.gov/wms/INSERT_PROJECTION/best/wms.cgi?SERVICE=WMS&REQUEST=GetCapabilities&VERSION=1.3.0

Projections available:

Projection Code for INSERT_PROJECTION
WGS 84 / Geographic - EPSG:4326 epsg4326
Web Mercator - EPSG:3857 epsg3857
Arctic polar stereographic - EPSG:3413 epsg3413
Antarctic polar stereographic - EPSG:3031 epsg3031

LP DAAC

Datasets Provided: Surface Reflectance, Land Surface Temperature, Fire Mask, Land Cover/Land Use

The datasets can be accessed directly within a GIS program, by adding a WMS layer as: https://lpdaacgis.cr.usgs.gov/arcgis/services/WMS/INSERT_DATASET/ImageServer/WMSServer?
Datasets include:

Dataset Code for INSERT_DATASET
MODIS Surface Reflectance MOD09A1_006_Surface_Reflectance
MODIS Land Surface Temperature MOD11A2_006_LST_Day_1km
MODIS Fire Mask (Confidence of fire) MOD14A2_006_FireMask
MODIS Land Cover Type MCD12Q1_006_LC_Type1

ORNL DAAC

Datasets Provided: Ground Frost Frequency, Runoff Sub-basins, Land Cover, Land Surface Monthly, Evapotranspiration, Soil Types, Diurnal/Mean Temperature, Surface Skin Temperature, Snow Free Albedo, Normalized Burn Ratio

ORNL DAAC datasets can be accessed directly within a GIS program, by adding a WMS or a WCS layer.

Human Dimensions

Human Dimensions

GIBS

Datasets Provided: Agriculture, Population, Urban Extent, Human Footprint, Man-Made Impervious, Built-up Settlement, Cyclone/Drought/Flood Hazards, Power Plants, Nighttime Lights

Two WMS specifications are currently available and supported by GIBS: 1.1.1 and 1.3.0.GIBS separates its imagery by projection. Pathway URLs are below; add "https://" before the URL and replace INSERT_PROJECTION with the code from the table below.

  • WMS endpoint: gibs.earthdata.nasa.gov/wms/INSERT_PROJECTION/best/wms.cgi
  • WMS v1.1.1 GetCapabilities: gibs.earthdata.nasa.gov/wms/INSERT_PROJECTION/best/wms.cgi?SERVICE=WMS&REQUEST=GetCapabilities&VERSION=1.1.1
  • WMS v1.3.0 GetCapabilities: gibs.earthdata.nasa.gov/wms/INSERT_PROJECTION/best/wms.cgi?SERVICE=WMS&REQUEST=GetCapabilities&VERSION=1.3.0

Projections available:

Projection Code for INSERT_PROJECTION
WGS 84 / Geographic - EPSG:4326 epsg4326
Web Mercator - EPSG:3857 epsg3857
Arctic polar stereographic - EPSG:3413 epsg3413
Antarctic polar stereographic - EPSG:3031 epsg3031

ORNL DAAC

Datasets Provided: Crops, Drought Code/Severity Index, Population Density

ORNL DAAC datasets can be accessed directly within a GIS program, by adding a WMS or a WCS layer.

Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC)

Datasets Provided: Human Footprint, Anthropogenic Biomes, Development Threat, Cyclone/Drought/Flood/Earthquake/Landslide/Volcano Hazards, Population Count/Density, Urban Extent, Fertilizers, Statistical Areas

SEDAC DAAC datasets can be accessed directly within a GIS program, by adding a WCS layer as https://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/geoserver/wcs?

Published July 10, 2020

Page Last Updated: Jul 13, 2020 at 11:10 AM EDT