1. User Resources
  2. Biodiversity Information

Biodiversity Information

John - Jones --- Biodiversity - Final - 4 - Print Web

Images below are the images from the poster from left to right; top to bottom

Image by Jesse Allen and Robert Simmon/Based on data from Michael Lefsky
Image by Jesse Allen and Robert Simmon/Based on data from Michael Lefsky

US Forest Canopy

This map shows a forest canopy height map of the contiguous United States. Canopy height is shown in shades of green from 0 to 70 meters (230 feet). In this image, for any patch of forest, the height shown means that 90 percent or more of the trees in the patch are that tall or taller. Find out more about this data, derived from ICESat, Terra, and Aqua data.

Credits: NASA Earth Observatory

(Top Row: Left)

Image Credit: NASA Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LPDAAC)
Image Credit: NASA Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LPDAAC)

Mapping Permafrost in Alaska

This false-color image of the Yukon River in Alaska was created using NASA Making Earth System Data Records for Use in Research Environments (MEaSUREs) Web-Enabled Landsat Data (WELD). The WELD project is funded by NASA and represents a collaboration between the United States Geological Survey (USGS) Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center and the South Dakota State University Geospatial Sciences Center of Excellence (GSCE). WELD systematically generates 30 m composited Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) mosaics of the United States and Alaska from 2002 – 2012 to provide consistent data for deriving land cover, geophysical, biophysical products for regional assessments of surface dynamics for effective studying of Earth system functioning. Read about how this data was used to map permafrost in Alaska. WELD data is distributed by the NASA Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC).

(Top Row: Middle)

Image Credit: NASA GSFC/METI/Japan Space Systems & U.S./Japan ASTER Science Team
Image Credit: NASA GSFC/METI/Japan Space Systems & U.S./Japan ASTER Science Team

Urban Growth - Jakarta, Indonesia

Jakarta is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. This set of three time-series images shows the rapid growth the city. In 1972 (top image), Landsat Multispectral Scanner (MSS) captured an image of the city with about 11 million inhabitants. By 1994 (middle image), the Landsat Thematic Mapper saw a city of 19 million. And in 2006 (bottom image), Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) imaged a city of 25 million inhabitants. Each image covers an area of 40 by 50 km, and is located at 6.1 degrees south latitude, 106.8 degrees east longitude. Landsat data is distributed by the United States Geological Survey, and ASTER data is distributed by the NASA LP DAAC.

(Top Row: Right)

Image Credit: NASA Earth Observatory
Image Credit: NASA Earth Observatory

Amazon Deforestation - 2000 vs. 2012

The state of Rondônia in western Brazil — once home to 208,000 square kilometers of forest (about 51.4 million acres) has become one of the most deforested parts of the Amazon. In the past four decades, clearing and degradation of the state’s forests have been rapid: 4,200 square kilometers cleared by 1978; 30,000 by 1988; and 53,300 by 1998. By 2003, an estimated 67,764 square kilometers of rainforest—an area larger than the state of West Virginia—had been cleared. Compare the first Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Terra image (left) acquired in 2000 to the 2012 image on the right hand side. Intact forest is deep green, while cleared areas are tan (bare ground) or light green (crops, pasture, or occasionally, second-growth forest). Deforestation appears in the forest as a fishbone pattern, arrayed along the edges of roads. Read the original story at NASA Earth Observatory.

Caption Credit: NASA Earth Observatory

(2nd Row: Left and Middle)

Image Credit: NASA ORNL DAAC
Image Credit: NASA ORNL DAAC

Surface Air Temperature - Great Smoky Moutains National Park

In 2013, the Daymet Data set became an official archive of NASA’s EOSDIS Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) DAAC allowing public access to the gridded daily data set of Daymet meteorological variables. This image shows the derived climate summary variable surface air temperature for 2013 for the Great Smoky Mountains National Park and surrounding National Forest lands. This area of the United States has been designated as an International Biosphere Reserve by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in recognition of the area’s amazing diversity of plants, animals, and invertebrates. In terms of climate, this region’s abundant rainfall, warm temperatures, and high humidity provide ideal growing conditions and contribute to its variety of life. Access Daymet data through NASA ORNL DAAC.

(3rd Row: Left)

Image Credit: © JAXA, METI 2010
Image Credit: © JAXA, METI 2010

Walker Branch Watershed, Tennessee

Green is tree canopy, pink is crop or barren soil, black is water, and grays are low vegetation in this Advanced Land Observing Satellite "DAICHI" (ALOS-1) Phased Array type L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (PALSAR) image of Tennessee's Walker Branch Watershed. The Walker Branch Watershed is located on the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Oak Ridge Reservation in Roane County, Tennessee. This watershed has been the site of long-term environmental studies since the late-1960's. Created in a NASA Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS) Tech Infusion project, the image is one of several SAR images processed to complement terrestrial ecology field work. Access to SAR data for Terrestrial Ecologists. Unrestricted ALOS-1 PALSAR data are available from Alaska Satellite Facility (ASF) DAAC.

(3rd Row: Right)

Image Credit: NASA
Image Credit: NASA

Peru's Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve

This Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle Synthetic Aperture Radar (UAVSAR) image shows tropical forest as grayish-green, dark green is low vegetation, and red and pink are two types of inundated vegetation in this polarimetric UAVSAR image of Peru's Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve. UAVSAR data are available from the Alaska Satellite Facility (ASF) DAAC.

(Bottom Row: Left)

Image Credit: NASA
Image Credit: NASA

The Térraba-Sierpe National Wetlands reserve

Located in Costa Rica’s Osa Peninsula, is shown in this UAVSAR polarimetric image, acquired 08 March 2013. This largest mangrove reserve in Central America, with eight species of mangroves, is a hotspot for migratory birds and is important habitat for many species of fish, mammal, and reptiles. UAVSAR data are available from the Alaska Satellite Facility (ASF) DAAC.

(Bottom Row: Right)

Access our NASA Earthdata Data Discovery and Data Access Webinars and Tutorials

The Sensing Our Planet publication contains articles that showcase how scientists are using NASA Earth data to benefit society. View the full archive spanning 1994-2014.

Last Updated: Sep 5, 2017 at 3:38 PM EDT