The Fire Information for Resource Management System (FIRMS) was developed to provide near real-time active fire locations to natural resource managers that faced challenges obtaining timely satellite-derived fire information.
FIRMS was developed by the University of Maryland, with funds from NASA’s Applied Sciences Program and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (UN FAO), to provide near real-time active fire locations to natural resource managers that faced challenges obtaining timely satellite-derived fire information.
A version of FIRMS, known as the Global Fire Information Management System (GFIMS) ran at the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (UN FAO) where it complemented the FAO’s existing suite of projects that deliver near-real time information to ongoing monitoring and emergency projects, to other UN organizations as well as providing information to the general public. GFIMS is no longer actively supported.
For more information on the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) fire products, visit the MODIS Active Fire and Burned Area products website.
MODIS Collection 6 Active Fire Product User's Guide, Revision B (Updated December 2018)
MODIS Collection 5 Active Fire Product User’s Guide, v2.5 (Updated 31 March 2013)
The publications listed below describe FIRMS, the MODIS Active Fire and Burned Area Products and explore the level of accuracy of the products.
Giglio L., Schroeder, W., Justice, C.O. (2016). The collection 6 MODIS active fire detection algorithm and fire products. Remote Sensing of Environment, 178, 31-41. PDF
Schroeder, W., Oliva, P., Giglio, L., & Csiszar, I. A. (2014). The New VIIRS 375m active fire detection data product: algorithm description and initial assessment. Remote Sensing of Environment, 143, 85-96. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2013.12.008 PDF
Justice, C. O., L. Giglio, et al. 2011. MODIS-Derived Global Fire Products. Land Remote Sensing and Global Environmental Change. B. Ramachandran, C. O. Justice and M. J. Abrams, Springer New York. 11: 661-679. doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-6749-7_29.
Davies, D.K., Ilavajhala, S., Wong, M.M. and Justice, C.O. 2009. Fire Information for Resource Management System: Archiving and Distributing MODIS Active Fire Data. IEEE Transactions on Geoscienceand Remote Sensing 47 (1):72-79. doi:10.1109/TGRS.2008.2002076.
Schroeder, W., Prins, E., Giglio, L., Csiszar, I., Schimdt, C., Morisette, J. and Morton, D. 2008. Validation of GOES and MODIS active fire detection products using ASTER and ETM+ data. Remote Sensing of Environment 112 (2008) 2711-2726. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2008.01.005.
Csiszar, I., Morisette, J. and Giglio, L. 2006. Validation of active fire detection from moderate resolution satellite sensors: the MODIS example in Northern Eurasia. IEEE Transactions on Geoscienceand Remote Sensing 44 (7): 1757-1764. doi:10.1109/TGRS.2006.875941.
Giglio, L., van derWerf, G. R., Randerson, J. T., Collatz, G. J., and Kasibhatla, P. 2006. Global estimation of burned area using MODIS active fire observations. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 6:957-974. doi:10.5194/acp-6-957-2006.
Wooster, M. J., G. Roberts, G. L. W. Perry, and Y. J. Kaufman. 2005. Retrieval of biomass combustion rates and totals from fire radiative power observations: FRP derivation and calibration relationships between biomass consumption and fire radiative energy release. Journal of Geophysical Research 110, D24311. doi:10.1029/2005JD006318.
Morisette, J. T., Giglio, L., Csiszar, I., Setzer, A., Schroeder, W., Morton, D., and Justice, C. O. 2005. Validation of MODIS active fire detection products derived from two algorithms. Earth Interactions 9(9):1-25. doi: 10.1175/EI141.1.
Morisette, J. T., Giglio, L., Csiszar, I., and Justice, C. O. 2005. Validation of the MODIS Active fire product over Southern Africa with ASTER data. International Journal of Remote Sensing 26:4239-4264. doi:10.1080/01431160500113526.
Wooster, M. J., B. Zhukov, and D. Oertel. 2003. Fire radiative energy for quantitative study of biomass burning: Derivation from the BIRD experimental satellite and comparison to MODIS fire products. Remote Sensing of Environment 86.1: 83-107. doi:10.1016/S0034-4257(03)00070-1. PDF
Giglio, L., Descloitres, J., Justice, C. O. and Kaufman, Y. 2003. An enhanced contextual fire detection algorithm for MODIS. Remote Sensing of Environment 87:273-282. doi: 10.1016/S0034-4257(03)00184-6.
Justice, C. O., Giglio, L., Korontzi, S., Owens, J., Morisette, J., Roy, D., Descloitres, J., Alleaume, S., Petitcolin, F. and Kaufman, Y. J. 2002. The MODIS fire products. Remote Sensing of Environment 83:244-262. doi:10.1016/S0034-4257(02)00076-7.
Kaufman, Y. J., C. O. Justice, L. P. Flynn, J. D. Kendall, E. M. Prins, L. Giglio, D. E. Ward, W. P. Menzel, and A. W. Setzer. "Potential global fire monitoring from EOS‐MODIS." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012) 103, no. D24 (1998): 32215-32238.
Links - Fire Networks, Applications and Maps
The following links are maybe useful for users wanting to connect with other fire networks / see other fire applications.
Global Observations of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD) Fire Monitoring and Mapping Implementation
Fire Applications and Maps
Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC)
U.S. Forest Service (USFS)-Missoula Fire Sciences Lab
National Interagency Fire Center (NIFC)
USFS Remote Sensing Application Center (RSAC)
Geospatial Multi-Agency Coordination (GeoMAC) Wildland Fire Support
Canadian Wildland Fire Information System (CWFIS)
Central and South America
Advanced Fire Information System (AFIS)
South and South East Asia
Indian Forest Fire Response and Assessment System (INFFRAS)
Page Last Updated: Oct 16, 2020 at 9:37 AM EDT