About FIRMS

The Fire Information for Resource Management System (FIRMS) was developed to provide near real-time active fire locations to natural resource managers that faced challenges obtaining timely satellite-derived fire information.

  • Links
  • Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
  • Acknowledgements, Citation and Disclaimer

  • Background

    Background

    FIRMS was developed by the University of Maryland, with funds from NASA’s Applied Sciences Program and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (UN FAO), to provide near real-time active fire locations to natural resource managers that faced challenges obtaining timely satellite-derived fire information.

    A version of FIRMS, known as the Global Fire Information Management System (GFIMS) ran at the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (UN FAO) where it complemented the FAO’s existing suite of projects that deliver near-real time information to ongoing monitoring and emergency projects, to other UN organizations as well as providing information to the general public. GFIMS is no longer actively supported.

    For more information on the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) fire products, visit the MODIS Active Fire and Burned Area products website.

    Publications

    Publications

    Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) 375 m Active Fire Algorithm User Guide (Updated July 2018)

    MODIS Collection 6 Active Fire Product User's Guide, Revision B (Updated December 2018)

    MODIS Collection 5 Active Fire Product User’s Guide, v2.5 (Updated 31 March 2013)

    The publications listed below describe FIRMS, the MODIS Active Fire and Burned Area Products and explore the level of accuracy of the products.

    Read about how near real-time MODIS fire detections are used in NASA's Sensing Our Planet publication, Orbiting Watchtowers.

    FIRMS, Active Fire and Burned Area

    Giglio L., Schroeder, W., Justice, C.O. (2016). The collection 6 MODIS active fire detection algorithm and fire products. Remote Sensing of Environment, 178, 31-41. PDF

    Schroeder, W., Oliva, P., Giglio, L., & Csiszar, I. A. (2014). The New VIIRS 375m active fire detection data product: algorithm description and initial assessment. Remote Sensing of Environment, 143, 85-96. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2013.12.008 PDF

    Justice, C. O., L. Giglio, et al. 2011. MODIS-Derived Global Fire Products. Land Remote Sensing and Global Environmental Change. B. Ramachandran, C. O. Justice and M. J. Abrams, Springer New York. 11: 661-679. doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-6749-7_29.

    Davies, D.K., Ilavajhala, S., Wong, M.M. and Justice, C.O. 2009. Fire Information for Resource Management System: Archiving and Distributing MODIS Active Fire Data. IEEE Transactions on Geoscienceand Remote Sensing 47 (1):72-79. doi:10.1109/TGRS.2008.2002076.

    Schroeder, W., Prins, E., Giglio, L., Csiszar, I., Schimdt, C., Morisette, J. and Morton, D. 2008. Validation of GOES and MODIS active fire detection products using ASTER and ETM+ data. Remote Sensing of Environment 112 (2008) 2711-2726. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2008.01.005.

    Csiszar, I., Morisette, J. and Giglio, L. 2006. Validation of active fire detection from moderate resolution satellite sensors: the MODIS example in Northern Eurasia. IEEE Transactions on Geoscienceand Remote Sensing 44 (7): 1757-1764. doi:10.1109/TGRS.2006.875941.

    Giglio, L., van derWerf, G. R., Randerson, J. T., Collatz, G. J., and Kasibhatla, P. 2006. Global estimation of burned area using MODIS active fire observations. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 6:957-974. doi:10.5194/acp-6-957-2006.

    Wooster, M. J., G. Roberts, G. L. W. Perry, and Y. J. Kaufman. 2005. Retrieval of biomass combustion rates and totals from fire radiative power observations: FRP derivation and calibration relationships between biomass consumption and fire radiative energy release. Journal of Geophysical Research 110, D24311. doi:10.1029/2005JD006318.

    Morisette, J. T., Giglio, L., Csiszar, I., Setzer, A., Schroeder, W., Morton, D., and Justice, C. O. 2005. Validation of MODIS active fire detection products derived from two algorithms. Earth Interactions 9(9):1-25. doi: 10.1175/EI141.1.

    Morisette, J. T., Giglio, L., Csiszar, I., and Justice, C. O. 2005. Validation of the MODIS Active fire product over Southern Africa with ASTER data. International Journal of Remote Sensing 26:4239-4264. doi:10.1080/01431160500113526.

    Wooster, M. J., B. Zhukov, and D. Oertel. 2003. Fire radiative energy for quantitative study of biomass burning: Derivation from the BIRD experimental satellite and comparison to MODIS fire products. Remote Sensing of Environment 86.1: 83-107. doi:10.1016/S0034-4257(03)00070-1. PDF

    Giglio, L., Descloitres, J., Justice, C. O. and Kaufman, Y. 2003. An enhanced contextual fire detection algorithm for MODIS. Remote Sensing of Environment 87:273-282. doi: 10.1016/S0034-4257(03)00184-6.

    Justice, C. O., Giglio, L., Korontzi, S., Owens, J., Morisette, J., Roy, D., Descloitres, J., Alleaume, S., Petitcolin, F. and Kaufman, Y. J. 2002. The MODIS fire products. Remote Sensing of Environment 83:244-262. doi:10.1016/S0034-4257(02)00076-7.

    Kaufman, Y. J., C. O. Justice, L. P. Flynn, J. D. Kendall, E. M. Prins, L. Giglio, D. E. Ward, W. P. Menzel, and A. W. Setzer. "Potential global fire monitoring from EOS‐MODIS." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012) 103, no. D24 (1998): 32215-32238.

    Links - Fire Networks, Applications and Maps

    The following links are maybe useful for users wanting to connect with other fire networks / see other fire applications.

    Background/Framework

    Global Observations of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD) Fire Monitoring and Mapping Implementation

    Science

    MODIS Fire and Thermal Anomalies

    VIIRS Fire and Thermal Anomalies

    Fire Applications and Maps

    Global

    Global

    Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC)

    Western Hemisphere

    Western Hemisphere

    The Experimental Wildfire Automated Biomass Burning Algorithm (ABBA) Fire Product

    European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS)

    North America

    North America

    U.S. Forest Service (USFS)-Missoula Fire Sciences Lab

    National Interagency Fire Center (NIFC)

    USFS Remote Sensing Application Center (RSAC)

    Geospatial Multi-Agency Coordination (GeoMAC) Wildland Fire Support

    NOAA Satellite and Information Service: Satellite Services Division Fire Products

    Canadian Wildland Fire Information System (CWFIS)

    Central and South America

    Central and South America

    Mesoamerican Regional Visualization and Monitoring System (SERVIR)

    Comisión nacional para el conocimiento y uso de la biodiversidad (CONABIO) - Monitoreo de puntos de calor (Incendios)

    Instituto Nacional De Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE) – Queimadas

    South Africa

    South Africa

    Advanced Fire Information System (AFIS)

    South and South East Asia

    South and South East Asia


    Last Updated: Aug 2, 2019 at 11:29 AM EDT