Enabling Earth Science in the Cloud
NASA's Earth Science Data Systems (ESDS) program is committed to advancing open science through the deployment of cloud-enabled data and tools. Our cloud evolution will benefit users by improving and streamlining operations to further encourage free and open access to data, investing in open source tools, increasing capabilities for data access and management, and engaging with strategic partners and the open-source community.
Cloud computing improves the efficiency of NASA's data systems operations to continue and build on free and open access to data.
As the volume of data in NASA's Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS) archive grows, so does the need for more flexible and scalable data access and management technologies.
ESDS has begun to migrate high-value datasets into commercial cloud archives. The first of NASA's Distributed Active Archive Centers (DAACs) to move data to the cloud was the Global Hydrology Resource Center Distributed Active Archive Center (GHRC DAAC), which completed its migration in October 2019. Additional datasets are currently being prioritized for migration based on significant user demand. The Sentinel 6/Michael Freilich mission will be the first natively cloud-hosted mission.
A critical aspect of data migration is the set of strategies for maintaining data integrity, availability, and reliability. This includes providing support for data egress, or downloading data from the cloud to external locations when necessary.
Simplified Analysis and Management
Enabling researchers and other users to access and process petabytes of open data quickly without the need for complex data management capabilities.
Enabling analysis of open data in the cloud allows the next generation of data systems to scale to the magnitude of the data archives. Building capacity to access and process this data involves faster time to delivery of new tools and services and opening up the technology to new communities of data users.
The Earth Science Data Systems program is committed to advancing open science data systems for the next generation of missions, data sources, and user needs.
NASA's Advancing Collaborative Connections for Earth System Science (ACCESS) Program, a competitive program that allows the user community to propose projects, has focused on the development of technologies specifically aimed at enabling science in the cloud and machine learning.
ESDS supports users with end-user training and application migration guidance, including a tutorial series, How to Cloud for Earth Scientists, and a Cloud Primer for Amazon Web Services. Community forums, including a forum dedicated to the Harmonized Landsat Sentinel mission, allow users to engage with other members of the community to share information.
Innovation and Strategic Partnerships
Evolving technology development programs to foster a cloud-based portfolio with innovations from strategic partners and the open-source community.
NASA works closely with technology partners such as Amazon Web Services (AWS) and Google as well as organizations like Esri, ESA, USGS, and NOAA to develop tools, services, and applications that drive innovation.
All software and tools developed comply with NASA's Open Data, Services and Software policies.
Learn About the Cloud
- Articles and Interviews
- EOSDIS Cloud Evolution
- Cloud Data Egress: How EOSDIS Supports User Needs
- 2019 Cumulus Highlights
- Global Hydrology Resource Center Distributed Active Archive Center (GHRC DAAC) Moves to the Earthdata Cloud
- EOSDIS Data in the Cloud: User Requirements
- Getting Ready for NISAR - and for Managing Big Data using the Commercial Cloud
- Earth Science Data in the Cloud: The EOSDIS Cumulus Project
- EOSDIS Data and Services Begin Migration to the Cloud
- Data Chat: Katie Baynes
- Data Chat: Chris Lynnes
- Data Chat: Mark McInerney
Page Last Updated: Nov 30, 2020 at 10:39 AM EST