Invasive Species Forecasting System
James A. Smith - co-PI, NASA Goddard
Thomas J. Stohlgren, co-PI, USGS
We propose to build an Invasive Species Data Service (ISDS) to provide customized, easily accessible data products and tools to support invasive species management and policy decisionmaking. The ISDS will be a networked service that integrates a suite of NASA Earth science data providers with the data resources of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII). Aggregated ISDS data will feed directly into the National Invasive Species Forecasting System, which is a core component of an invasive species decision support capability being developed jointly by the U.S. Geological Survey and NASA. This activity will thus provide an efficient interface between existing Earth science data systems and decision support systems that are the province of federal agencies and other national organizations. It builds upon previous Earth science investments in this area and will significantly broaden the use of Earth science data in managing the Nation's invasive species threat. In building the ISDS, we will refine the notion of Web-based service interoperability using SEEDS principles to specialize EOS Clearing House (ECHO) technologies. The result will be a tailored interface that combines biological and earth science data to meet the specific needs of a large and expanding community of ecologists and natural resource managers who deal with invasive species. A broadly representative users group will help shape development of the ISDS and align its activities with current and future needs. The work will contribute to NASA's plans for future Earth science data systems by engaging a new client community that has a focused, thematic, and interdisciplinary data integration problem of national importance. The ISDS will be made available through NBII and the USGS National Institute of Invasive Species Science (NIISS). This work will lead to a fully operational capability of national scope vital to understanding and managing the effects of invasive species on human health, the economy, native biodiversity, and ecosystem processes.
We are working with the NASA Earth Science Office and the USGS to develop a National Invasive Species Forecasting System. These are the first steps toward a vision of a national decision support capability for the management and control of invasive species, perhaps the most devastating biological phenomenon of modern times. Building such a capability will require groundbreaking advances across a range of science and technology fronts and a scaling up of our ability to measure, model, and predict complex, interdependent physical and biological processes. A key issue is the problem of searching and aggregating data across heterogeneous and often domain-specific repositories. For everyone, the essential task of bringing together the georegistered satellite data and biological data required for invasive species work is a fundamental bottleneck in developing new applications and pursuing new science questions in this area.
We propose to address this key issue by creating an ISDS. The ISDS will be a networked center that integrates geo-referenced Earth science data from a variety of sources with the biological data resources of the NBII. The merged data products will be designed to support the ecological forecasting of invasive species and will feed directly into the National Invasive Species Forecasting System and related applications. Over the next 10 years, we believe that these activities will provide revolutionary capabilities vital to understanding and managing the effects of invasive species on human health, the economy, native biodiversity, and ecosystem processes.
Last Updated: Nov 8, 2018 at 12:54 PM EST